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Evictions and COVID-19 in NY: What You Should Know

*This post was last updated on June 7, 2021.

住房是醫療保健。 As we all endure the  COVID-19 public health crisis, it is critical that no one is kicked out of their home.  Below, we put together the most accurate information and resources to aid you and your loved ones in navigating eviction questions during these stressful times.

For assistance on case-specific issues, call our free NY COVID-19 Legal Resource Hotline at 929-356-9582 或訪問 nylag.org/hotline.

YOUR RIGHTS AS A TENANT

資源和信息

We understand that many New Yorkers are anxious about their ability to pay back-rent. Please know there are billions of dollars of rent relief for tenants nationwide.

The Emergency Rental Assistance Program (“ERAP”) opened to applications on June 1, 2021. You need to apply online through this portal. You should apply if you have experienced financial hardship during the pandemic and have any rent arrears from March 13, 2020 and on. The program covers up to 12 months of back rent and three months of ongoing rent. Immigration status does not matter and the money does not need to be paid. If you back rent and are behind on your gas and/or electric bill, ERAP will also cover your utility arrears. There are many organizations that are assisting people to complete applications. You can find a list of these organizations 這裡. The application consists of two main parts:

  1. Using an online form you input information input about yourself, the financial hardship you faced because of COVID-19, the people in your household, your income, information about your lease and the back rent that you owe, your utility arrears if you have any, and any prior rental assistance you might have received.
  2. After you submit that online form, you have to upload a number of documents to show the following: (a) the identity of each member of your household, (b) your address, (c) the income of all the people in your household, (d) a document showing what your monthly rent is, (e) documents relating to utility arrears if you’re applying for utility arrears. You can find a list of these documents 這裡.

To be approved for assistance, you need to complete both parts of the application. Some may find the document upload process challenging. If you have any problems you should definitely reach out for assistance. Once your application, if you have a case in Housing Court, your case in Housing Court will be stayed pending a determination of your eligibility for the program. If you’re found eligible, the money will be sent directly to your landlord via direct deposit.

The Eviction Moratorium is in effect until August 31, 2021

  • On May 4, 2021, New York state passed a law extending the eviction moratorium from May 1, 2021 to August 31, 2021!
  • To be protected by the eviction moratorium, New Yorkers who have experienced hardship during the COVID-19 period must submit a Hardship Declaration (if you haven’t already) to the Court or their landlord to stay an eviction—or even the filing of an eviction case—until August 31, 2021. 
  • Once a tenant signs the hardship declaration and gives it to their landlord or the Housing Court, any existing eviction case is stayed until August 31, 2021. That means nothing can happen in the case until August 31, 2021. A hardship declaration is a form published by the state court system in which a tenant makes a sworn statement by checking a box on the form that they:
      1. have experienced financial hardship during the COVID-19 pandemic.
      2. and/or if the tenant had to leave their home now, it would pose a significant health risk because the tenant or one or more members of the tenant’s household have an increased risk for severe illness or death from COVID-19 due to being over the age of 65, having a disability, or having an underlying medical condition.
  • If your landlord has not already sued you in Housing Court and you give your landlord the hardship declaration, the landlord can’t start any case in Housing Court until August 31, 2021.
  • The landlord can still send rent demands.  Landlords can still send you letters and rent demands for any rent they claim you owe during this time.  However, those rent demands must now come with the hardship declaration. If you provide the hardship declaration to your landlord or the court, that will stop your landlord from starting its case in court until August 31, 2021.
  • 目前,您仍然有義務支付租金。 However, as a result of the Tenant Safe Harbor Act, which became law in the summer of 2020, you cannot be evicted for any rent that became due after March 7, 2020, if you experienced financial hardship after March 7, 2020. But your landlord will still be able to sue you in Housing Court for unpaid rent and get a money judgment. Landlords won’t be able to evict you for post-March 7, 2020 rent that you owe until all parts of the state of emergency are lifted, which will likely not be for several months and possibly longer.
  • If you entered into an agreement in court prior to the moratorium that required you to pay rent by a certain date and you can no longer make that payment, your landlord cannot call the marshal/sheriff/law enforcement agency to evict you until February 25, 2021, and a status conference is held. That stay of eviction can be extended to August 31, 2021 if you give your landlord or the court the hardship declaration.

 Other Housing Court Matters

  • 房屋法庭向住戶開放提起訴訟 例如房東的非法停工,公寓維修以及處理嚴重維修命令的申請。您可以找到有關如何提交此類案件的更多信息。 這裡.
  • 所有待解決的房屋法院案件仍被推遲。 不出現。新的出現日期將直接發送給您。
  • Landlords can file new cases. But when a landlord starts a new case, they must provide proof that they served you with the hardship declaration before they started the case. If you receive a hardship declaration from your landlord, sign it, and return it to your landlord (or the court), the landlord can’t start the case against you or move forward with a case until August 31, 2021.
  • There is a limited exception. Landlords can start new cases and not be stopped by the new law, but only if a tenant, “is persistently and unreasonably engaging in behavior that substantially infringes on the use and enjoyment of other tenants or occupants or causes a substantial safety hazard to others, provided.” The law also has a number of safeguards built in to prevent landlords from abusing this limited exception to do an end run around the law.
  • 如果您從房東,他們的律師或房屋法院收到任何法律文件,請不要忽略它。 請通過以下方式聯繫NYLAG的NY COVID-19法律資源熱線 (929) 356-9582 要么 線上,或位於 (718) 557-1379civiljustice@hra.nyc.gov,或訪問他們的 網站.
  • 非法停工 如果您是紐約市的房客,則可以在急診室提起訴訟,然後放回您的單位。法院和紐約市將所有驅逐後和非法停工案件移交給法律諮詢權組織,無論您身在何處或您的收入如何。
  • 當公寓有危險或非法時,仍會發出空缺命令,只有城市機構才能發出。 業主沒有法律授權直接發出空置命令。在這次危機期間,我們希望撤消訂單的情況很少,這是對真正危險情況的響應或火災的結果。發出空置命令後,租戶有權使用市政府機構提供的搬遷服務。在危機期間,搬遷服務保持開放。

NYCHA和第8節居民

  • 第8節代金券: 雖然HPD第8節客戶服務辦公室不對公眾開放,但HPD第8節客戶團隊仍然對公眾開放。由於收入下降而面臨租金困難的憑單持有人應發送電子郵件 DTRAI@hpd.nyc.gov 或傳真至212-863-5299。
  • 在此期間,任何設置為過期的HPD第8節憑證都將自動更新。客戶不需要聯繫HPD進行擴展。 
  • 在此過程中,所有補貼終止都將暫停,直到另行通知。所有租戶會議和簡報會均已推遲,將重新安排。所有上訴聽證會均被取消,直至另行通知。 HPD將繼續支付補貼,直到做出最終決定。
  • NYCHA減租:根據以下內容,家庭可能有資格獲得NYCHA租金減免: 租金困難。 NYCHA簡化了其“租金困難政策”,以便在COVID-19危機期間更輕鬆地減少NYCHA的租金。
  • 如果某人的工作時間被削減或因工作而失業,NYCHA會通過臨時重新認證接受申請。
  • 現在,家庭可以通過新的簡化版提交收入變動臨時重新認證 自助服務門戶 interface
  • 沒有等待期可以申請。
  • 在另行通知之前,NYCHA居民可以自行證明其收入損失。這意味著目前不需要通常需要提交臨時重新認證的證明文件,例如工資單,雇主的來信和/或失業救濟金的核實。
  • 現在,家庭可以通過電話聯繫客戶聯繫中心(CCC)發出這些請求。 NYCHA CCC工作人員可以回答與針對COVID-19緊急狀態而製定的“租金困難政策”相關的問題。住戶可以打電話 718-707-7771 並選擇選項5。
  • 租戶保護有關受COVID-19影響的租戶的信息資源,可在市長保護租戶辦公室的網頁上找到: Information and Resources for NYC Tenants Impacted by COVID-19.

租金/緊急援助和持續的現金援助福利

  • Clients can apply for emergency assistance grants as well as ongoing Cash Assistance through ACCESS HRA, but if you’re applying for rental assistance, it’s best for you to first apply for ERAP. To apply for Cash Assistance, a client does not need to apply for an emergency grant, but we do ask questions during the online application process in order to make sure that an emergency grant is not needed to ensure the financial security of the clients. Therefore, every ACCESS HRA Cash Assistance application starts with a series of emergency indicator questions.
  • 如前所述,以下是通過ACCESS HRA申請現金援助的說明。我們鼓勵組織註冊ACCESS HRA培訓網絡研討會,以獲取有關使用我們的在線工具的更多信息。請點擊 這裡 查看網絡研討會選項。
  • 要申請現金援助或一次性緊急贈款(一次性付款),客戶將需要執行以下步驟:
  1. 訪問 訪問HRA 並登錄
  2. 從首頁上的菜單選項中選擇“好處”鏈接
  3. 選擇“啟動新應用程序”
  4. Select the ‘Cash Assistance’ option on the ‘Select Application’ page
  5. 確定任何適用的緊急指示器,然後單擊“下一步”
  6. 選擇您想申請的福利類型:
    • 現金補助
    • 一口交易,或
    • 沒有現金援助的兒童保育(CILOCA)
  7. 完成並提交申請
  8. 按照ACCESS HRA確認頁面上的說明進行操作,並使用 ACCESS HRA移動應用.

擁有有效現金援助案的客戶可以通過ACCESS HRA提交特殊的租金或公用事業拖欠贈款申請。要提交現金援助特別補助金請求,客戶將需要:

  1. 訪問 訪問HRA 並登錄
  2. 輸入識別信息以“查找我的案”並鏈接到您的HRA案
  3. 在ACCESS HRA用戶主頁中選擇“查看案例”
  4. 選擇位於左側的“請求特殊資助”
  5. 確定您要申請的特別補助金,完成申請並提交
  6. 按照確認中的說明進行操作,並使用 ACCESS HRA移動應用.

If you’re an NYLAG client and have specific questions about your case, contact your NYLAG attorney. If you need legal assistance, contact us for help. 

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